How is AI transforming our knowledge?
The applications of artificial intelligence (AI) in cognitive science and neuroscience are revolutionizing our understanding of the brain and how it works. With the help of AI, scientists are exploring the nature of cognition and how neurons in our brains communicate. By using the clustering model, psychologists are understanding how people differ in their perceptions and how they can be grouped according to those differences. Researchers are using artificial neurons to interpret the electrical signals of hundreds of neurons in the brains of animals. They are also training networks of artificial neurons to perform the same tasks as an animal. By doing this, researchers are learning that the substance of thought is electrical activity in our brains and not something physically anchored to particular neurons. AI is also allowing scientists to measure brain activity inside our heads by studying EEG readings. Facebook’s parent company, Meta Platforms, is developing an algorithm that can read a person’s mind.
The Clustering Model: Understanding Perceptions and Grouping People
The clustering model is a tool of mathematics that makes many kinds of AI possible. By using this method, researchers can cluster people according to their perception of an object or concept. Dr. Celeste Kidd’s research showed that people can be grouped into 10 to 30 different clusters depending on their perception of an animal. This research suggests that people do not see eye to eye about even the most basic characteristics of common objects, and they overestimate how many people see things as they do.
Artificial Neurons: Interpreting Brain Signals and Substance of Thought
In addition to psychology, AI is also being used in neuroscience. Tatiana Engel, an assistant professor of neuroscience at Princeton University, uses networks of artificial neurons to interpret the electrical signals of hundreds of neurons at once in the brains of animals. Dr. Engel’s research showed that the actual substance of thought is dynamic electrical activity in our brains rather than something physically anchored to particular neurons. Thinking is just electrical signals forming a complex code that is carried by our neurons. AI is also letting scientists listen to what happens in our brains when we are not doing anything in particular.
Listening to the Brain: Measuring Brain Activity Through EEG Readings
Meta Platforms is using AI to develop an algorithm that can read a person’s mind. Historically, it has been challenging to measure brain activity inside our heads because the electrical signals generated by our brains must be measured from outside of our skulls. Meta Platforms is developing an algorithm that can interpret EEG readings and explore the nature of cognition. Data gathered from language experiments have been used to develop an early version of this algorithm.
In conclusion, AI is revolutionizing the way we understand the brain and how it works. It is helping psychologists cluster people according to their perception of an object or concept. It is also allowing researchers to use artificial neurons to interpret the electrical signals of hundreds of neurons at once in the brains of animals. AI is giving scientists the ability to listen in on what happens in our brains when we are not doing anything in particular. Finally, AI is letting Meta Platforms develop an algorithm that can read a person’s mind.